Hinduism is a religion, or a way of life, found most notably in India and Nepal. Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, “the eternal law,” or the “eternal way,” beyond human origins. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis note of various Indian cultures and traditions, with diverse roots note and no founder. This “Hindu synthesis” started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE following the Vedic period (1500 BCE to 500 BCE).
Hinduism is the world’s third largest religion, with over 1 billion followers or 15% of the global population, known as Hindus. The majority of Hindus reside in India, Nepal, Mauritius, and Bali in Indonesia.